|Amphetamine and Dextroamphetamine
|Central Nervous System (CNS) stimulant, Anorectic
|Works by affecting the brain
|15 min to 1 hour
What is Adderall XR 30 mg?
Adderall XR 30 mg is part of a class of drugs called stimulants, and a combination of amphetamine and dextroamphetamine, two central nervous stimulants. Adderall XR 30 mg is prescribed to treat the symptoms of narcolepsy and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). It can be used along with other medications. It increases the ability to pay attention, stay focused on particular activities, and control behavioral problems. It can also help organization and concentration skills. This is why Adderall XR 30 mg is particularly recommended for the treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). A person with ADHD would have hyperactive-impulsive or inattentive symptoms that can cause problems in their daily life. The symptoms must cause significant impairment in social, academic, or day-to-day functioning to be classified clinically.
How does it work?
Adderall XR 30 mg is a Central Nervous System (CNS) stimulant. It works by increasing the availability of the neurotransmitters known as norepinephrine and dopamine within your CNS connections. This essentially speeds up your brain activity and increases concentration and focus. Adderall does what naturally occurring neurotransmitters such as dopamine,adrenaline and norepinephrine do for the human brain. People who have narcolepsy do not have the required level of neurotransmitters responsible for stabilizing wakefulness in a person. Similarly, those with ADHD can make use of stimulants such as Adderall to acquire the necessary level of brain stimulation to be able to function properly.
In adults, the recommended dosage for Adderall XR 30 mg is once a day. The physician may increase the dosage gradually as the body gets used to the medication. It is important to read the prescription provided by your doctor or pharmacist. Any queries regarding dosage or usage of the medicine should be addressed to the doctor or pharmacist before you start taking the medication. The dosage will depend upon your medical condition, medical history, and how you respond to the treatment. The doctor may adjust the dosage to find the amount that is best suited to your purpose.
The medicine must be taken by mouth according to the directions provided by your physician. It could be consumed with or without food, generally once in the morning as per the recommendation of your doctor or pharmacist. However, it is important to stay consistent with the method in which the medicine is being consumed. It is better to avoid taking this medicine in the afternoon, as it may lead to sleeping problems (insomnia).
The capsule must be swallowed whole and not crushed or chewed. Chewing or crushing it increases the risk of experiencing the side effects more adversely as the contents of the drug get released all at once. If there is difficulty in swallowing the medicine, one may sprinkle the contents of the capsule in a little bit of applesauce just before consuming it. The mixture must also be swallowed right then and there. Drink water after each dose.
Those who consume Adderall XR 30 mg may also experience certain side effects. However, it is best to keep in mind that a doctor prescribes a medication because they have weighed the benefits and the risks, and have decided that the benefits are greater than the risks. Most people who consume this medication also do not experience severe side effects.
Some side effects are common and do not require medical attention. These effects steadily go away as the body adapts to the medical treatment. Additionally, your physician or doctor may be able to tell you how to reduce or even prevent these side effects.
Some common side effects are:
- Mild anxiety
- Stomach pain
- Weight loss
- Loss of appetite
- Dryness in mouth
- Slight nausea
- Sleeping problems
However, if any of these symptoms continue to persist for an extended period of time, it is best to consult with your doctor.
There are also side effects that may require urgent medical attention. These are unwanted and can cause serious complications. If anyone consuming Adderall XR 30 mg notices any of the following side effects, notify your doctor immediately:
- Bladder pain
- Blood in urine
- Burning or pain during urination
- Shortness of breath
- Irregular heartbeat or pulse, heart palpitations
- Frequent urge to urinate
- Lower back pain or pain in the sides
- Blood flow problems in fingers or toes (coldness, numbness, change in color)
- Wounds found in fingers or toes
- Uncontrolled movement
- Irregular outbursts and deteriorating mood/mental health
- Frequent or prolonged erections
- Swollen ankles
- Extreme tiredness or blurred vision
This medication may also result in increased blood pressure. It is important to keep track of your blood pressure and to notify the doctor if the results are too high. This medication can also increase serotonin and may result in a very rare but serious condition called serotonin syndrome/toxicity. The risk for this increases if the patient is taking other drugs along with Adderall XR 30 mg, so it is best to alert the pharmacist or doctor about the patient’s medication history. Get help as soon as possible if the patient develops any of the following: increased heartbeat, hallucinations, muscle twitches, severe dizziness, unexplained fever and agitation, loss of coordination, severe vomiting, or diarrhea. Also be careful of allergic directions towards the drug, even though those are rare.
Precautions to be taken before consuming Adderall XR 30mg
It is important to alert your pharmacist or doctor about any allergies or conditions you may have beforehand. Adderall XR 30 mg may contain ingredients that could result in allergic reactions or other problems, so it is necessary to keep your doctor updated about your medical history. Special concern should be given if your medical history includes any of the following:
- Blood circulation problems (such as Raynaud’s disease)
- Pre-existing mental/mood conditions (such as agitation, psychosis)
- Personal or family history of mental disorders (such as bipolar disorder, depression, suicidal thoughts)
- Heart problems (irregular heartbeat or rhythm, coronary artery disease, heart failure, etc)
- Family history of heart problems
- History of stroke
- High blood pressure
- Overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism)
- Personal or family history of substance use.
- Personal or family history of uncontrolled muscle movements (such as Tourette’s syndrome)
- Kidney diseases
- Liver diseases
The use of Adderall XR 30mg is contraindicated/prohibited in patients with the following conditions:
- Advanced arteriosclerosis
- Symptomatic cardiovascular disease
- Moderate to severe hypertension
- Known hypersensitivity or conditions such as anaphylaxis, angioedema, serious skin rashes)
- History of drug abuse
- During or within 14 days following the administration of monoamine oxidase inhibitors
The doctor may also recommend stopping the dosage for a short period of time to see whether the medication is still needed. However, suddenly stopping the consumption of this medicine may result in a few withdrawal symptoms such as:
- Severe tiredness
- Sleep problems
- Fluctuating mood
- Depressive emotions
To prevent the onset of these withdrawal symptoms, the doctor might recommend lowering the dosage slowly. The slow reduction will help avoid experiencing any of these withdrawal symptoms.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
How long does it take for Adderall XR 30 mg to start working?
The effect should be more or less immediate (within an hour or so).
Should my child take Adderall XR 30 mg?
Only a medical professional can answer this question as it would depend upon the needs of the child.
Why am I not seeing results from taking Adderall XR 30 mg?
About 70% of the population can benefit from the medication. Consult your physician for a higher dosage.
Is it okay to take Adderall XR 30 mg on an empty stomach?
Adderall tablets and extended release capsules can be taken on an empty or a full stomach.