|Amphetamine and Dextroamphetamine
|Central Nervous System (CNS) stimulant, Anorectic
|15 min to 1 hour
|Works by affecting the brain
Adderall is a prescription medicine that is a combination of two drugs, amphetamine, and dextroamphetamine. It is generally used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. It works by stimulating the central nervous system and helps in increasing the attention span, improving focus, and reducing compulsive activities. In some cases, Adderall is also used to treat a sleep disorder, narcolepsy.
How Does Adderall work?
Adderall works by stimulating the central nervous system. It increases the availability of neurotransmitters, norepinephrine, and dopamine in the central nervous system connections. Adderall is shown to improve attention and focus and reduce impulsive behaviour.
Usually, the medication is taken in the morning. You can consume it with or without food. However, if more than one dose is prescribed, then take it as directed by your doctor, usually, 4-6 hours apart. It is recommended that you take the medicine at the same time, each day.
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
For children between three to five years of age, a recommended dose of 2.5 mg daily is prescribed. The daily dose can be increased by 2.5 mg per week until optimal results are produced. For children who are six years and above, a daily dose of 5 mg once or twice daily is recommended. The daily dosage may be raised in increments of 5 mg at weekly intervals.
Dosage differs from patient to patient. A usual dose of 5 mg to 60 mg divided throughout the day is recommended. For patients aged six to twelve, the recommended dose is 5 mg daily. The daily dose may be raised in increments of 5 mg at weekly intervals until the desired response is obtained. For patients above twelve years of age and older, start with a daily dose of 10 mg. It can be raised in increments of 10 mg at weekly intervals until optimal response is obtained.
What if I miss a dose?
In case of a missed dose, take it as soon as you remember, in the morning hours. Taking the medication late in the day can cause trouble in sleeping. If it is late in the afternoon or almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose. Take your next dose at the scheduled time. Do not double the dose to make up for the missed dose.
What if I overdose?
In case of an overdose of Adderall, seek medical help immediately. Symptoms of overdose include severe mental/mood changes, seizures, severe and persistent headache, severe restlessness, fast breathing.
Before taking this medication, inform your doctor if you have any allergies, especially to sympathomimetic drugs.
- Discuss your medical history in detail with your doctor. Make sure that your doctor is aware of if you have any mental health condition, blood circulation problem, family history of mental health disorder, heart problems, eye problems, history of substance abuse, liver or kidney disease.
- It is probable that the disease induces dizziness. Consumption of alcohol can make it worse. Do not conduct tasks that require you to remain alert, on this medication.
- In case of surgery, let your doctor know of all the drugs that you are consuming.
- Taking MAO inhibitors along with Adderall can cause a serious drug interaction which can be fatal.
- Children can be more sensitive to the side effects. The drug may cause weight loss. Monitor your child’s growth and discuss it with your doctor.
- Older adults can be more prone to certain side effects such as chest pain, trouble sleeping, and weight loss.
- If you are consuming this drug during pregnancy or breastfeeding, then it can have an adverse effect on the child. Infants born to mothers dependent on it may be born prematurely and have low birth weight, withdrawal symptoms are also possible. The drug can pass into breast milk and can have an undesirable impact on the child. Consult your doctor about using this medication if you are pregnant or breastfeeding.
Adderall is a habit-forming drug and can cause addiction. Therefore, it should be used with caution. Take the medication as prescribed by the doctor. While most people who use this medication have not reported any serious side effects, consumption of Adderall can cause certain side effects.
- Lack of appetite
- Dry mouth
- Trouble in sleeping
- Stomach Pain
- Weight loss
This list is not exhaustive. The side effects may subside after a few days or weeks. If they persist, then consult your doctor. Some serious side effects may also occur. These include:
- High blood pressure
- Rapid heartbeat
- Heart attack
- Blurred vision
- Severe allergic reaction
- rhabdomyolysis (muscle breakdown)
In case you experience any other side-effect of the medication or problems persist for long, seek medical help immediately.
Adderall tablets should be stored safely in their original packaging.
- Store the medication at room temperature.
- Keep the medication away from heat and moisture. Do not store the medication in the bathroom.
- Keep the tablets away from the reach of children and pets.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Will you have withdrawal symptoms if you stop taking this medication suddenly?
To avoid withdrawal symptoms, lower the dose slowly. However, in case of sudden discontinuation, you may experience withdrawal symptoms such as mood changes, severe tiredness, sleep problems. Withdrawal is likely if you have been on this medication for a long period of time, or in high doses.
Is Adderall cause addiction?
It is possible that Adderall can cause addiction. The possibility is high if you have a substance abuse disorder. Take the medication as prescribed.
Does Adderall affect you sexually?
One of the possible side effects of Adderall is erectile dysfunction. Some men have resulted in a decreased interest in sexual activities and difficulties in maintaining an erection.
What is the long term effect of Adderall?
Long-term use of Adderall can cause damages in the brain, such as a decrease in dopamine. This is likely in people who intake high doses of Adderall. Inappropriate use of Adderall can lead to severe insomnia, skin disorders, fatigue, depression, irritability, symptoms of psychosis such as hallucinations, heart damage, anorexia, and unwanted weight loss.